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冬至快樂 Happy Winter Solstice!

冬至快樂 Happy Winter Solstice!



天時人事日相催,冬至陽生春又來。


冬至日該日,北半球黑夜最長而白晝最短,故又稱「長至」或「短至」(夜長至,或稱日短至),因此亦有「長至節」、「短至節」等節日。冬至日的前夜則稱為「冬至夜」。

而古時冬至節氣是計算二十四節氣的起點,亦是歲之計算起訖點。因冬至節以往是僅次於新年的重要節日,應節習俗繁多,且民眾會大肆飲食慶祝,所以又俗稱「亞歲」、「肥冬」,在民間也廣泛流傳著「冬至大如年」、「冬至大似年」、「大冬如大年」、「冬肥年瘦」/「肥冬瘦年」的俗諺,意指冬至的禮俗隆重如同新年/年節,甚至有過之而無不及。

The traditional Chinese calendar divides a year into 24 solar terms. Dōngzhì, Tōji, Dongji, Tunji (in Okinawan), or Đông chí (in Vietnamese) is the 22nd solar term, and marks the winter solstice. On the winter solstice, the northern hemisphere has the longest night and the shortest day.

In ancient times, the winter solstice was the starting point for calculating the twenty-four solar terms, and it was also the starting and ending point for calculating the years. Because the Winter Solstice Festival used to be the most important festival after the New Year, there were many festival customs and people would eat and drink extravagantly to celebrate.


中國

在中國,冬至最初是作為農事結束的節日來慶祝的。 如今,在中國南方,人們在長夜裏慶祝家庭團聚,吃粉紅色和白色的湯圓,象徵家庭團結和繁榮。 而在中國北方,傳統的冬至食品是餃子。

China

In China, Dongzhi was originally celebrated as an end-of-harvest festival. Today, it is observed with a family reunion over the long night, when pink and white tangyuan are eaten in southern China in sweet broth to symbolise family unity and prosperity. Whereas in Northern China, the traditional Dongzhi food would be the jiaozi.



韓國

在韓國,冬至也被稱為“小節”,有慶祝這一天的習俗。 人們用紅豆(팥죽)煮粥,用糯米製作圓米糕(새알심 saealsim)。 過去,紅豆粥湯被撒在牆壁或門上,因為據說可以辟邪。。

Korea

In Korea, the winter solstice is also called the "Small Seol," and there is a custom of celebrating the day. People make porridge with red beans known as patjuk (팥죽) and round rice cakes (새알심 saealsim) with sticky rice. In the past, red bean porridge soup was sprayed on walls or doors because it was said to ward off bad ghosts.


日本

在日本,冬日也是二十四節氣之一。 這天,某些地方有喝柚子熱水、吃南瓜的習俗。 冬至有吃南瓜的習慣,有在蔬菜缺乏的冬季補充現爲的意義。 冬天為了不著涼,有泡柚子熱水浴(日文:柚子湯)的習俗。

Japan

In Japan, Tōji is also one of the 24 solar terms. On this day, it is customary to drink grapefruit hot water and eat pumpkin in certain places. The habit of eating pumpkin during the winter solstice is because it makes sense to provide products for the festival during the winter when vegetables are lacking. In order not to catch cold in the winter, there is a custom to soak oneself in a yuzu hot bath (Japanese: 柚子湯 = Yuzuyu).


馬來西亞

雖然我們在馬來西亞無法真正體驗冬天,但由於馬來西亞地處北半球,我們仍然能感受到一年中最長的夜晚的「影響」。 與中國南方類似,人們吃團圓飯,吃粉紅色和白色的湯圓。

Malaysia

Though we cannot really experience winter in Malaysia, we still kind of feel the ‘effect’ of the longest night of the year as Malaysia is located in the northern hemisphere. Similar to southern China, people do reunion dinner and eat pink and white tangyuan.


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